The earliest traces of wine can be found back in 7000 BC in China. Wine has been part of human history and has played a significant role in religion and other occasions over the years. Today people drink wine for various reasons, including relaxing and having fun while catching up with friends, and so on. Wine exists in five distinct types, and among many people’s favorite is red wine. It contains certain compounds that are good for your health if it’s taken in moderation. Here are three vital health benefits of red wine that everyone should know.
The list of health benefits of red wine to be achieved by consuming a little bit of wine every day is long. Some of the known benefits include lowering cholesterol, keeping the heart healthy, treating common cold, keeping the memory sharp, keeping you slim, and improving bone density. With this in mind, it wouldn’t hurt to research and find the best wine clubs for a gift when thinking of the perfect present for a friend.
Below are three vital benefits you can gain from taking red wine in moderation.
Improves Brain Health
Research shows that resveratrol, a compound present in red wine, restrains beta-amyloid protein formation, which can easily be found in the plaque of brain cells of people with Alzheimer’s. Also, the antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties of polyphenols abundant in red wine have many benefits to the brain. There is promising evidence on this from research conducted on animals.
According to a 2015 study published in Scientific Reports, middle-aged rats were given resveratrol and tested over four weeks. They were found to exhibit improved learning and memory over the period. ScientistsScientists believe the same benefits are available to humans even though limited research has been conducted. Resveratrol is one of five polyphenols available in red wine with the others, including catechin, epicatechin, anthocyanin, and quercetin. Polyphenols is a type of antioxidant that is richly found on the seeds and skin of grapes used to make wine.
On the other hand, consumption of red wine over a long period will weaken your immune system. As a result, you may suffer mental health problems and other health issues like heart disease and high blood pressure. Also, there is a higher risk of contracting several forms of cancer.
Improves Cardiovascular Health
The benefits to the circulatory system can be attributed to the abundance of polyphenols. A glass of wine is believed to have ten times more polyphenols compared to white wine. As mentioned in the section above, five polyphenols are active in red wine, with resveratrol being one of them. When it comes to heart matters, resveratrol is the most critical compound for preventing heart disease due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The antioxidants keep the heart safe in many ways, including protecting the blood vessels that line the heart and increasing good cholesterol levels while lowering the levels of bad cholesterol.
Maintaining Bone Density
When you hit the age of 50, you could experience bone loss due to decreased bone density. You could deter this from occurring by consuming some alcohol in moderation, according to past research. In a 2009 study that consisted of men and women who were past menopause, it was discovered that those that had at least one or two drinks per day had improved bone mineral density (BMD). Another study done in 2011, found out that red wine was specifically the most beneficial type of alcohol for better BMD in older men.
On the contrary, excessive alcohol will have the opposite effect. If you consume too much alcohol, you risk developing osteoporosis, a disease where you lose too much bone. This leads to weak bones that can easily break from falls in severe cases. Alcohol tampers with how calcium and vitamin D work in the body, thus directly affecting bone health.
There are many other health benefits to be found in red wine when you take the right amounts each day. It’s rich in antioxidants, which are responsible for defending your cells from damage that can be caused by free radicals. Darker grapes are rich in antioxidants like epicatechin, catechin, pronthocyanidins, and resveratrol, with the last two responsible for keeping you healthy.
Resveratrol is also responsible for controlling blood sugar levels in the body, and it’s suitable for diabetic people. Research has shown that people who take around 250 mg of resveratrol supplements each day for about three months had fewer glucose levels in their blood than those that don’t.
Interestingly, resveratrol in red wine can effectively reduce the risk of getting some cancers such as basal cell, prostate carcinoma, colon, and ovarian. In an experiment, scientists added a small amount of resveratrol to human cancer cells and realized that it obstructs cancer aiding protein.
Resveratrol seems to be the most efficient compound found in red wine, as it also helps keep you slim. Piceatannol, a chemical found in resveratrol, helps reduce the number of fat cells in our body. Researchers have found that piceatannol fastens fat cells’ insulin receptors, thereby blocking the paths, which facilitate the growth of immature fat cells.
You will be happy to know that red wine helps reduce depression. This is based on a study carried out on middle-aged and older people. The study found out that taking small amounts of the alcoholic beverage takes away depression. If you take red wine, you will be less likely to be depressed than a person who doesn’t take it.
It’s not only your mood that improves but also your digestive system. Since red wines have many antibacterial compounds in nature, it helps treat digestive disorders like stomach irritation. By taking red wine, you also reduce the risk of getting infected by Helicobacter pylori, a bacterium typically found in the stomach.
There is research and evidence that red wine can offer the above health benefits. However, to attain them, moderation is critical; otherwise, excessive consumption will have detrimental effects on your health. Experts advise that women should not exceed more than one and a half glasses and for men not more than two drink each day.